Eating healthy is not just the amount of food you eat; covers how and how much you eat. Nowadays, intense business life, environment, and many other reasons trigger individuals to display an eating behavior disorder. An eating disorder is a state of overeating or malnutrition due to the mental and emotional state of the individual. Treatment of eating disorders should be obtained from experts. An eating disorder is a mental disorder that can be defined as abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
Eating disorders are divided into 3 groups;
· Anorexia Nervosa,
· Blumia Nervosa,
· Atypical Eating Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa: Although they are weak, they do not believe in it and do not want to gain weight. They refuse to eat and are extremely afraid of gaining weight. It is more common in young girls. Failure to intervene can result in death.
Common symptoms of anorexia nervosa;
· Doing too much exercise,
· Worrying about gaining weight even when you are weak,
· Thinking about food all the time
If you experience these symptoms, consult a specialist.
Bulimia Nervosa: They develop in the form of repetitive clogging attacks, and then act as vomiting and prevent weight gain. These people may be using products such as laxatives to lose weight. They consume significantly more nutrients than a normal individual can eat after excessive hunger. They regret this situation and remove what they eat.
Common symptoms of bulimia Nervosa;
· In general, the person's attitudes and behaviors indicate that losing weight, dieting and food control has become a priority concern.
· Emptying the food: Attitudes such as going to the toilet frequently after the meal and using laxative or diuretic drugs can be observed.
· Feeling uncomfortable while eating with others.
· Developing food rituals (for example, consuming only one food or food group, over chewing, etc.).
· Skipping meals or eating small portions.
· Eating or accumulating food in strange places.
· Excessive water or non-calorie consumption.
· Have dental problems.
· Stomach punctures.
Since bulimia nervosa develops with a psychological disorder, help from both a dietician and a psychologist should be sought.
Atypical Eating Disorders: Individuals can not control themselves and are seen as excessive food consumption or night eating. Overeating behavior is the same as in bulimia. But these individuals do not deduce what they eat.
In night eating syndrome, they consume almost 50% of the daily energy after 19.00 in the evening. These eating disorders cause individuals to become obese; creates problems physically and psychologically.
Orthorexia Nervosa: Unfortunately, at a time when the "Eat Clean" movement, which is the clean eating movement, covers the world, this clean eating habit can become an obsession for some individuals. It is the name given to eating-behavioral disorders that turn into an obsession over time, starting from the passion of the individual to do what is most “right” for nutrition. While the focus of obsession is in the anorexia and bulimia nervosa disease that the person avoids eating, this focus focuses on the desire to be healthy in orthorexia Nervosa.
In other words, a person with orthorexia Nervosa can be fed only a few types of food with the belief that he is healthy. He may think that normal foods poison him - make him sick, and therefore can spend incredibly time and money on accessing his own nutrition system.
Common symptoms of orthorexia Nervosa;
· Avoiding some food groups completely and even looking at these foods as “poison”,
· Having an extreme feeling of guilt and feeling worthless when it spoils the diet,
· Judging and criticizing people for their eating habits and taking didactic attitudes,
· Avoiding social rapprochement, friend invitations, and holidays with the concern of “breaking my diet”,
· To devote an average of three to four hours of the day to thinking and organizing the daily diet.
Those who struggled with obesity and changed their life habits in the past may have to struggle with a healthy diet obsession in order not to experience the same things again.
Treatment is somewhat more difficult in individuals with eating disorders. For this reason, individuals should be treated with the support of experts and family rather than acting on their own.